FLASH May 28, 2015 | publicatii - Politica La Est

FLASH May 28, 2015

Two days ago, on May 26, Chinese Ministry of National defense, has released China’s Military Strategy. Of course, it is a significant move of the political leadership in Beijing to issue in the present circumstances such a document destined to be course of action for the main directions of  national military policy . The bewilder landscape of the today world system is recognized in the document from the first sentences of the document alongside the main targets of China : “The world today is undergoing unprecedented changes, and China is at a critical stage of reform and development. In their endeavor to realize the Chinese Dream of great national rejuvenation, the Chinese people aspire to join hands with the rest of the world to maintain peace, pursue development and share prosperity.”
The first chapter of the document is entitled National Security Situation. Considering  the profound changes on the international arena in recent years, global governance structure, international competition in various field , the document affirms that “The forces for world peace are on the rise, so are the factors against war”. Nevertheless, “In the foreseeable future, a world war is unlikely, and the international situation is expected to remain generally peaceful. There are, however, new threats from hegemonism, power politics and neo-interventionism. International competition for the redistribution of power, rights and interests is tending to intensify. Terrorist activities are growing increasingly worrisome. Hotspot issues, such as ethnic, religious, border and territorial disputes, are complex and volatile. Small-scale wars, conflicts and crises are recurrent in some regions. Therefore, the world still faces both immediate and potential threats of local wars.” Among the main features of the international landscape today is US “re-balancing” strategy in Asia-Pacific region, Japan’s change of its military and security policy, Korean peninsula and North-East Asia being areas full of problems  which are producing  ample concerns for the international stability . As a consequence, “grave concerns” among the states of the region.  For Beijing, according to the document, “On the issues concerning China's territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, some of its offshore neighbors take provocative actions and reinforce their military presence on China's reefs and islands that they have illegally occupied. Some external countries are also busy meddling in South China Sea affairs; a tiny few maintain constant close-in air and sea surveillance and reconnaissance against China. It is thus a long-standing task for China to safeguard its maritime rights and interests.” For China there are some threats coming up externally and internally, as “Taiwan independence movement” or  “East Turkistan  independence” or  “Tibet independence”, besides activities instigating   for “color revolution”.  As a result of these perils   “China faces more challenges in terms of national security and social stability. With the growth of China's national interests, its national security is more vulnerable to international and regional turmoil, terrorism, piracy, serious natural disasters and epidemics, and the security of overseas interests concerning energy and resources, strategic sea lines of communication (SLOCs), as well as institutions, personnel and assets abroad, has become an imminent issue.”
        Chapter 2 of the document is entitled . Missions and Strategic Tasks of China's Armed Forces Against this above-described background, China has established its own national grand project, which is to build a “modern socialist country” advanced and “harmonious” by 2049, when will be celebrated the centennial of the People’s Republic. “It is a Chinese Dream of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. In the new circumstances which define a historically unprecedented security situation for China, the document insists on “a holistic view of security”, “balance internal and external security, homeland and citizen security, traditional and non-traditional security, subsistence and development security and China’s own security and the common security of the world”. To achieve the strategic goal , China’s armed forces “will work harder to create a favorable strategic posture with more emphasis on the employment of military forces and means, and provide a solid security guarantee for the country's peaceful development” ;” will constantly innovate strategic guidance and operational thoughts so as to ensure the capabilities of fighting and winning “;”will pay close attention to the challenges in new security domains, and work hard to seize the strategic initiative in military competition”; ” will actively participate in both regional and international security cooperation and effectively secure China's overseas interests”; “ will continue to follow the path of civil-military integration (CMI)/…/ actively participate in the country's economic and social construction, and firmly maintain social stability”. All these tasks are destined to consolidate  the military as “a staunch force for upholding the CPC's ruling position and a reliable force for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics”. To sum up the tasks of the Chinese armed forces, the document lists them at the end of the second chapter :“ To deal with a wide range of emergencies and military threats, and effectively safeguard the sovereignty and security of China's territorial land, air and sea; To resolutely safeguard the unification of the motherland; To safeguard China's security and interests in new domains; To safeguard the security of China's overseas interests; To maintain strategic deterrence and carry out nuclear counterattack; To participate in regional and international security cooperation and maintain regional and world peace; To strengthen efforts in operations against infiltration, separatism and terrorism so as to maintain China's political security and social stability; To perform such tasks as emergency rescue and disaster relief, rights and interests protection, guard duties, and support for national economic and social development.”
       The following chapters of the document-  Strategic Guideline of Active Defense- “The strategic concept of active defense is the essence of the Chinese Communist Party's military strategic thought ( 3 ); Building and Development of China’s Armed Forces(4)- “ building a strong military, respond to the state's core security needs, aim at building an informationized military and winning informationized wars, deepen the reform of national defense and the armed forces in an all-round way, build a modern system of military forces with Chinese characteristics, and constantly enhance their capabilities for addressing various security threats and accomplishing diversified military tasks ;  Preparation for Military Struggle (5)- “Preparation for military struggle (PMS) is a basic military practice and an important guarantee for safeguarding peace, containing crises and winning wars” ; Military and Security Cooperation( 6)- “ to develop military-to-military relations that are non-aligned, non-confrontational and not directed against any third party. They will strive to establish fair and effective collective security mechanisms and military confidence-building measures (CBMs), expand military and security cooperation, and create a security environment favorable to China's peaceful development”-give the details regarding the way in which the Chinese military will consolidate in the future, which areas of competence will be covered by each of he component, the resources available, a.s.o.
       A profound analysis of the document is vital to understand the behavior in the international environment of China, which, since last October , has the largest  economy in the world and consequently is imposing significant  moves de repositioning among all the great powers of the system.
China's Military Strategy- May 2015, Beijing-http://eng.mod.gov.cn/Database/WhitePapers/
Mihail E. Ionescu, Ph.d.


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